Optimization of antioxidant extraction from kalumpit (terminalia microcarpa decne) fruits

Dennis Marvin Santiago, Claire Zubia, Shekayna Eunice Pacia, Sheba Mae M. Duque

Optimization of antioxidant extraction from kalumpit (terminalia microcarpa decne) fruits

Číslo: 2/2020/2021
Periodikum: Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences
DOI: 10.15414/jmbfs.2020.10.2.301-309

Klíčová slova: Solvent extraction, 2-level factorial design, Box-Behnken design, DPPH scavenging activity, ABTS scavenging activity

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Anotace: The effects of extraction parameters, including temperature (25 – 80 °C), time (30 – 90 min), solvent to sample (S/S) ratio (10 – 50 mL g-1), initial pH (3 - 8) and ethanol concentration (20 – 100%), on the % 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity of kalumpit were screened and optimized using 2-level factorial design and Box-Behnken design (BBD) of experiments. Temperature, S/S ratio, and ethanol concentration exhibited significant effects on the % DPPH radical scavenging activity of kalumpit extract. Response surface models developed for % DPPH and 2,2-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging activities of kalumpit fruit extract adequately fit and were used to determine the optimum extraction conditions. A desirability function approach determined the optimum conditions for solvent extraction of antioxidants at 80.0 °C, 10 mL g-1 S/S, and 51.66% ethanol concentration. This resulted in a maximum desirability value of 0.977 and predicted % DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities of 66.63 and 82.14, respectively. Validation of the adequacy of the predictive models showed no significant difference between experimental data and predicted values (p > 0.05), indicating that the models developed were adequate in describing the relationship between factors and responses.