Determinants of quality of life in the elderly

Mária Sováriová Soósová

Determinants of quality of life in the elderly

Číslo: 3/2016
Periodikum: Central European Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
DOI: 10.15452/CEJNM.2016.07.0019

Klíčová slova: quality of life, elderly, anxiety, depression, functional status, WHOQOL-BREF, WHOQOL-OLD, kvalita života, senioři, úzkost, deprese, funkční stav, WHOQOL-BREF, WHOQOL-OLD

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Přečíst po přihlášení

Anotace: Aim: To assess the impact of selected demographic (age, sex), socio-economic (marital status, education, income) and health factors (functional status, anxiety, depression) on quality of life (QOL) of seniors in the Košice region. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: QOL was assessed by the WHOQOL-BREF and WHOQOL-OLD questionnaires, functional status was assessed by the Barthel test Activities of Daily Living (ADLs), anxiety by the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and depression by the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale. Relations between variables were assessed by Pearson correlation coefficients. Linear regression analysis was used to evaluate QOL predictors. Results: In a sample of a hundred and two elderly people, the best QOL was found in the domain of social relationships, death and dying, and intimacy. The worst QOL was found in physical health, social participation, and past, present and future activities. QOL was reduced particularly by depression, poly-morbidity, and life without a partner. The maintenance of independence in ADLs had a positive impact on most QOL domains. Conclusion: The results indicate the necessity of creating opportunities for the development and maintenance of social contacts, the involvement of seniors in various leisure activities and in different programs or voluntary activities. The screening for and treatment of depression and anxiety is very important in improving quality of life in older adults, as is maintaining and improving self-care in ADLs.