Tunnel portal instability in landslide area and remedial solution

Farhad Farhadi Ayoublou, Majid Taromi, Abbas Eftekhari

Tunnel portal instability in landslide area and remedial solution

Číslo: 5/2019
Periodikum: Acta Polytechnica
DOI: 10.14311/AP.2019.59.0435

Klíčová slova: Slope instability, collapse, landslide, Sabzkuh Tunnel, remedial solution.

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Anotace: The construction of tunnel portals in mountainous or slope areas often involves problems, which are closely related to factors, such as slope topography, geology, geotechnics, construction geometry and the tunnel excavation method. The activation of landslides or the acceleration of these events is one of the main challenges faced in the construction of tunnel portals. In this paper, we address the instability problem in Sabzkuh tunnel portal that has been excavated with a complex geological profile and high seismicity in Iran’s High Zagros region. The complexity and intense heterogeneity in geological formations, land acquisition problems and the lack of appropriate monitoring programs led to the instability of the tunnel portal. The excavation process started without applying appropriate techniques for a ground stabilization. The use of inappropriate tunnel excavation methods for this unstable geological structure resulted in an activation of an old Solaghan fault and several collapses in the tunnel. Crossing the collapsed areas and reinforcing the tunnel portal took about 7 months and imposed heavy costs on the project. This case study deals with the importance of the choice of the site location, ground and underground monitoring, analysing and summarizing the collected data in order to prepare a geological model before and during the construction process.