Terminology as a Specific Carrier  of Information

Milan Smutný

Terminology as a Specific Carrier of Information

Číslo: 1/2018
Periodikum: Prague Journal of English Studies

Klíčová slova: Terminology; science; technology; lexical system; communication

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Anotace:  is paper deals with terminology as a characteristic feature of the language used in

science and technology.  e lexical units in question serve the communication needs
and demands of particular discourse communities, i.e., experts in diff erent branches
of science and specializations. Terminology precisely describes reality, carries specifi c
information on the phenomena and relationships between them and helps to avoid shi s
in meaning during the process of communication. In comparison with other spheres
of life where shi s in meaning are common, in science and technology, changes in the
information transferred are unacceptable and may lead to serious consequences.  is
paper focuses on various aspects and approaches to this part of the lexical system.
Examples from the English language for Electrical Engineering and Communication
Technologies provide an insight into diff erent criteria for classifying units as terms,
lexical patterns and semantic relationships between the individual constituents.
Other features, qualities and functions of terminology, such as the stabilizing reality,
interconnection between explicitness and implicitness or description of progress
refl ecting a unique attitude to reality are also discussed.