Julia Bethwaite, Anni Kangas
Parties, Pavilions and Protests: The Heteronomous World Politics of the Russian Pavilion at the Venice Biennale
Periodikum: New Perspectives
Klíčová slova: Venice Biennale, heteronomy, art, field of art, Russian pavilion, power
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politics. In IR, art is often examined within the framework of cultural diplomacy, country
branding, and soft power, or approached as a site of resistance. We argue that the concept
of heteronomy offers an alternative conceptual framework for analysing contemporary art
in world politics. It highlights the interaction of various fields such as art, commerce, the
state and media. We concretise this approach with an analysis of the Venice Biennale. We
show that the Biennale is heteronomous in the sense of being an arena where actors from
various fields struggle for power by accumulating different types of capital. We focus our
analysis on the Russian national pavilion in 2011–2015 and show how the efforts of the
country’s elite to legitimise its position intertwined with the projects of the state, sponsors,
artists, curators and art market actors.