Karina Pohlová, Josef Mezera, Jindřich Špička
Český zahraniční obchod s masem a masnými výrobky
Periodikum: Acta Oeconomica Pragensia
Klíčová slova: relative comparative advantage, trade balance, trade flows, meat processing industry, Relativní srovnávací výhoda, obchodní bilance, obchodní toky, masný průmysl
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Anotace: The meat production and meat processing industry are the most important parts of the agribusiness in the Czech Republic. The problem of the industry is its low competitiveness towards foreign producers and processors which results in negative balance of foreign trade. The aim of the article is to evaluate long-term development of value and structure of Czech foreign trade flows of meat and meat products. The analysis covers the period of 2001–2014. The problems of the negative trade balance are revealed through description of the trade flows of meat and meat products, the RCA index and relations between import and export prices. The analysis points out the problems of low competitiveness of the intermediate and finalized meat. Alternatively, Czech Republic has comparative advantage in live animals, sausages and homogenized meat products.