Field fortifications from the Second World War

Jiří Zubalík

Field fortifications from the Second World War

Číslo: 1/2020
Periodikum: Acta Universitatis Carolinae Geographica
DOI: 10.14712/23361980.2019.11

Klíčová slova: Field Fortifications, World War 2, LiDAR, Aerial Images, Excavation, South Moravia

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Anotace: Field fortifications from the end of World War 2 which were located in South Moravia are almost forgotten nowadays. This paper presents first results of archaeological research of their remains. Recently, relics of field fortifications have been registered during rescue excavations on 13 construction sites. In the vicinity of the town of Brno, parts of Wehrmacht trench systems, which defended whole town, have been excavated and documented on several sites. Several dozen small infantry entrenchments have been recorded near Pasohlávky and Mušov, where serious fights lasted for two weeks.

Also, the use of aerial archaeology will be outlined. On five sites, field fortifications have been identified with the help of digital aerial orthophotos (especially historical) and digital elevation model (derived from airborne laser scanning). Results of both excavations and aerial archaeology suggests that archaeology can enhance our knowledge of this kind of relics.