Geopolitics of geographical urbanonyms

Olexiy Gnatiuk, Anatoliy Melnychuk

Geopolitics of geographical urbanonyms

Číslo: 2/2020
Periodikum: Acta Universitatis Carolinae Geographica
DOI: 10.14712/23361980.2020.19

Klíčová slova: urban toponyms; geographical urbanonyms; geopolitics; Ukraine

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Anotace: This article focuses on geographical urbanonyms in Ukraine – names of streets, squares, lanes, etc. that refer to the names of other geographical objects like cities, regions, countries, or continents. It shows the role of geographical urbanonyms as a powerful instrument used by political regimes to shape political identity by constructing and legitimizing borders between “us” and “them” at different spatial scales. The analysis revealed a significantly higher presence of geographical urbanonyms in Ukraine compared to former state socialist countries in Central Europe. The widespread presence of street names related to the former USSR proves the absence of post-Soviet decolonization in semiotic space, going beyond the pure decommunization, in the majority of Ukrainian cities since 1991. Regional differences in the dynamics, distribution and structure of geographical urbanonyms in Ukraine are explained by the historical, cultural and (geo)political divisions.