Links Between Specific Language Impairment, Motor Development, and Literacy Acquisition in Children

Marja Volemanová, Lea Květoňová

Links Between Specific Language Impairment, Motor Development, and Literacy Acquisition in Children

Číslo: 3/2017
Periodikum: Gramotnost, pregramotnost a vzdělávání

Klíčová slova: Specific language impairment (SLI); motor development; literacy acquisition; persisting primary reflexes

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Anotace: This study set out to explore the links between specifi c language impairment (SLI),

motor development, and literacy acquisition in children. We focused on motor those motor defi -
cits that are most common in children with SLI; furthermore, we investigated whether SLI can
be caused by persisting primary refl exes or if they can make the symptoms of SLI worse. After
that we tried to fi nd out if it is possible to predict SLI already in small children by an early development
assessment and if a specifi c movement intervention programme would also be useful to
help children with SLI because children with developmental speech/language impairments are
at higher risk of reading disability than their intact peers with no history of speech/language
impairment (Schuele, 2004). We still do not fully understand the causes and biological basis of
SLI; however, on the evidence of the sources studied, a signifi cant relationship between motor
impairment and speech/language impairments in children was found. Typical diffi culties lie
in the areas of balance, general static coordination, and general dynamic coordination. This
developmental delay may be related to the persistence of primary refl exes or can be caused
by a cerebellar defi cit. Several early developmental assessments are available, but they do not
comprehensively test both motor development and language skills. Specifi c movement intervention
programmes for children with SLI and other developmental challenges have already been
developed, but we lack fundamental research (only a few case studies on this topic are available)
which shows the success rate for children with SLI. Further research should be conducted to
identify children who may need special interventions even before they receive the SLI diagnosis,
and to search for approaches which can help to mitigate the impairment.